Modular SAXS/WAXS system: SAXSpace
The SAXSpace small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering (SWAXS) system is used for characterizing your nanostructured materials and samples. It determines the size, size distribution and shape of nano-sized particles and sample domains and is especially suited for analyzing isotropic, colloidal and biological samples (Bio-SAXS). SAXSpace offers a variety of versatile and precise sample stages which cover all your SAXS applications. The system provides automatic alignment and easy handling for smooth operation. SAXSpace’s robust design, high system uptime and short measurement time ensure a large sample throughput and high-quality SAXS/WAXS results.
This makes SAXSpace an ideal tool for investigating nanostructures in many different materials, including nanoparticles, proteins, foods, pharmaceuticals, polymers and surfactants.
A small genius
- Easiest operation, including auto-detection of sample stages and push-button alignment
- Scatterless beam collimation concept for high resolution
- High X-ray beam flux and signal-to-noise ratio ensuring fast measurements and excellent SWAXS data quality
Outstanding features for all your needs
- TrueFocus – simple and time-saving alignment at the push of a button
- TrueSWAXS – simultaneous small- and wide-angle scattering measurements at scattering angles up to 60° 2Ѳ
- SmartSAXS – dual beam concept with multiple beam line option for limitless experimental possibilities and high sample throughput
- Small footprint – all system components are integrated in one compact platform
Full experimental flexibility
- StageMaster – precise XYZ stage with auto-detection of sample stages
- Optimized design for weakly scattering and low-concentrated samples, such as biomaterials
- High-throughput screening of liquid and solid nanostructured samples
- Versatile sample stages and holders for any applications, including temperature-dependent SWAXS measurements and studies under controlled humidity
Powerful control and data analysis software
- SAXSdrive™ – full system control for automated SWAXS experiments
- SAXSquant™ – simple and fast data processing using customizable templates
- Versatile software for advanced SAXS data interpretation
|X-ray source||Sealed tube (line and/or point collimation), Microsource|
|X-ray optics||Multilayer optics|
Advanced Kratky-based line and point collimator
|Sample stages / |
|Special features||SmartSAXS: dual beam concept, |
multiple beam line option
TrueFocus: self-alignment with X-ray beam
TrueSWAXS: simultaneous SWAXS studies
up to 60° 2Ѳ
StageMaster: XYZ stage with auto-recognition
of sample stages
|System resolution||qmin: 0.03 nm-1|
|Sample environment |
- Temperature range
|-150 °C to 300 °C|
Vacuum, air, inert gas, humidity
(reactive gases on request)
|X-ray optics||Multilayer optics|
Advanced Kratky-based line and point collimator
|Measurement time||<1 minute to 30 minutes (typical)|
|Accessible q range||0.03 nm-1 to 49.0 nm-1|
200 nm > d > 0.13 nm
|Software||SAXSdriveTM control and data acquisition software|
SAXSquantTM data analysis software
Advanced data interpretation software (PCG)
|Dimensions (footprint)||1.8 m x 0.9 m (L x D)|
An insight into the Structure of Copolymer Surfactants
The structure of inhomogeneous (core-shell) nanoparticles was studied with the SAXSpoint system. The internal structure of Pluronic P123 micelles in water was determined by calculating the radial electron density profile.
An Insight into the Structure of Surfactants
The structure of inhomogeneous (core-shell) nanoparticles was studied with the SAXSpace system. The internal structure of Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate micelles in water was determined by calculating the radial electron density profile.
Coir fibers - SWAXS studies of structural changes induced by tensile stress
Microfibril angle in coir fibers during tensile straining was studied using the SAXSpace system operated in point collimation mode in combination with the integrated TS 600 tensile stage.
Correlating Viscosity and Particle Size Parameters determined by Small Angle X-Ray Scattering Studies of concentrated MAb Solutions
Monoclonal antibodies (MAb) solutions are a major class of biopharmaceuticals with various applications. However, challenges like a high viscosity at the required MAb concentrations need to be addressed at an early development stage.
Desmearing of Line-smeared Scattering Curves
Small Angle X-Ray Scattering instruments use two different beam geometries - point collimation and line collimation. Using a line shaped beam dramatically reduces the measurement time while maintaining the same data quality.
Fast SAXS Measurements of a Diluted Protein Solution
A 1% Lysozyme solution was measured with the SAXSpace system. Structural information can be obtained already after 1 minute due to the highly intense line-collimation mode and the compact design of the SAXSpace system.
Fast SAXS studies of sensitive biological samples
Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) measurements of low-concentrated and radiation-sensitive biological samples using line collimation ensure short measurement time and allow to analyze the low-resolution 3D structure with excellent data quality.
Fast Structure Analysis of Pharmaceutical Excipients by SWAXS for Product Quality Control
The nanostructure of pharmaceutical excipients used as taste masking agents was rapidly determined for quick quality control with the SAXSpace system.
Integration of SAXS and NMR for structure determination of biomolecules
The combined results from small-angle X-ray scattering and NMR spectroscopy reveals structural information on biomolecular complexes and helps to better understand their role in biological processes.
Nanomaterials | CdSe Quantum Dots
The particle size of CdSe quantum dots, synthesized by using the Monowave 300 reactor was rapidly determined with the SAXSpace system.
Protein Mass Determination using Small Angle X-Ray Scattering
The molecular weight of Glucose Isomerase was determined with the SAXSpace small-angle X-ray scattering system. The results are in good agreement with theoretically calculated values from X-ray crystallography data.
Protein Shape Determination by Small Angle X-Ray Scattering
The 3-dimensional shape of Glucose Isomerase in solution was studied with the SAXSpace system. The solution structure of this protein was compared with the crystal structure obtained by X-ray crystallography.
Quality control of pharmaceutical excipients during storage and processing
The structure of pharmaceutical excipients as a function of storage time and temperature was analyzed by small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering using the SAXSpace system.
Quantum dots - Size determination by SAXS
A dispersion of nanosized CdSe quantum dots was analyzed with the SAXSpace system. The particle size, which is a very crucial parameter for the properties of quantum dots, was determined within a very short time.
Size and shape of gold nanoparticles in toluene via SAXS
A solution of colloidal gold nanoparticles was characterized for size and shape by the SAXSpace system.
Size and Size Distribution of Gold Nanoparticles by SAXS
Gold nanoparticle dispersions were measured with the SAXSpace system. SAXS proved to be a well-suited method for determining the size distribution of a binary mixture of two dispersions with very similar particle size.
Small Angle X-Ray Scattering with Microcrystalline Materials
SAXS is routinely used for the characterization of liquid crystalline phases. If the crystalline domains are large and the sample is very viscous the scattering is not averaged over all orientations. The RotorCell enables measuring such samples.
Structural Characterization of a Mesoporous Material
A mesoporous material was studied with the SAXSpace system. Important structural parameters like pore size, degree of polydispersity, total volume fraction of the pores and arrangement of the pores were obtained.
Structure Determination of Interacting Sample Systems
Evaluation of interacting (charged or concentrated) particles requires the knowledge of “form and structure factor”. The unique GIFT software allows to study samples in their original state and to determine the nanostructure of the particles.
Studying the Internal Structure of Carbon Nanotubes with SAXS
A polymer/multi-walled carbon nanotubes composite was measured with the SAXSpace system. The internal structure of the nanotubes was determined by calculating the electron density profile of the nanotube’s cross-section.
Studying the Internal Structure of Lamellar Systems
The SAXSpace system was used to characterize nano-structured lamellae present in a surfactant sample. The internal structure (core-shell) of the lamellae could be precisely determined.
Tracking the Phase Transitions of Phase-changing Materials
Small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering allows to track the phase transition of phase-change materials. This study reveals the melting/crystallization behavior of paraffin wax as characterized by combined SWAXS and DSC measurements.