• Testing adhesive properties with viscometers and rheometers

    MASTER THE FLOW and gain insights

    With the extensive viscometer and rheometer portfolio from Anton Paar you have all kinds of testing methods at hand to investigate the properties of your adhesive materials. Besides common rheological tests, such as viscosity curves or the determination of materials’ viscoelastic properties, we provide individual solutions, for example for dynamic mechanical analysis of films, the simulation of UV-induced curing, and for environmental conditions like humidity.

    Your measuring challenges are easily mastered due to:

    • Instrument features that facilitate the measurement of difficult samples, make it easy to determine sample behavior under different conditions, and help avoid user errors
    • Great modularity when it comes to accessories and a large number of measuring techniques
    • A worldwide application and service network, extensive application knowledge, and local support in the Anton Paar regional technical centers
    • Smart tool recognition and configuration for easy handling and to minimize errors
  • MASTER THE FLOW and find your solution

    It is essential to know and control the flow and deformation behavior at each step of your adhesive production (manufacturing, quality control, and research). From non-reactive to reactive bonding, from one-component to multi-component adhesives and with different curing types (time, temperature, UV light, or humidity).

    SolutionYour benefitInstrument
    Basic viscosity and rheological measurements

    The glue is too thin or too thick for the application.

    Determine the viscosity of the material by performing quick quality control checks at a constant speed.

    Adapt the consistency so that the glue is neither running off the surface that needs to be glued nor gets stuck in the tube.

    The glue does not flow into the gap.

    Determine the viscosity at a certain speed/shear rate.

    Adjust the formula to decrease the viscosity for easier flowing into gaps.

    It is not possible to spread the sealant on the gluing surface.

    Determine the viscosity at different shear rates to simulate the behavior of the sealant at rest and during spreading it on the surface (application).

    Knowing the viscosity at different shear rates you can adjust the flow behavior of the sealant at each stage of its usage (from squeezing it out of the tube to applying it on a clean surface).

    It takes too long for the fixative to bond two surface areas.

    Determine the time-dependent behavior at a constant rotational speed/shear rate.

    Knowing the time the fixative takes to increase in viscosity, and thus to harden, helps you determine the right formulation.

    The epoxy resin gets stuck while pumping or during application.

    Analyze the yield point of the adhesive.

    Adjust the formulation of the adhesive to lower the yield point of the sample so that less force is needed to e.g. pump it through the pipe.

    The silicone glue flows off the gluing surface.

    Analyze the structural decomposition and recovery of the inner structure of the silicone glue.

    Adjust the formulation of the silicone glue to ensure that the viscosity recovers after application and stays on the gluing surface.

    The adhesive shows phase separation or sedimentation after a certain time at rest.

    Check the storage stability with a frequency sweep and thereby observe and avoid separation of the two phases within the material.

    Prevent phase separation/sedimentation of the adhesive during long-term storage.

    The resin is too thick for the application at 40 °C.

    Determine the viscosity at the application temperature.

    Adjust the resin to its optimum application conditions.

    A two-component adhesive hardens before application is finished.

    Analyze the curing process to learn when the viscosity is doubled compared to the viscosity at the beginning of the reaction.

    Adjust the formula of the material to reach a sufficiently long application period (starting from mixing the two components together).

    Advanced rheological measurements

    After application the glue hardens too fast before being spread on the surface.

    Measure the time-dependent increase of viscous and elastic moduli during the hardening of glue with regards to physical drying or chemical curing.

    Determine the onset of curing and the G’-G’’ crossover point to find out the maximum time available for glue application at ambient conditions.

    The hotmelt junction detaches when the room heating is switched on.

    Determine the glass transition temperature and the melting temperature of the hotmelt with temperature sweeps.

    Provide temperature windows suitable for application and upper/lower usage temperature limits.

    With low UV light intensity the adhesive does not attain the required mechanical properties, and with high UV light intensity the energy consumption is too high.

    Analyze the curing behavior of the UV adhesive with variable UV light intensity.

    Trace the crosslinking reaction and adapt the UV light intensity in a way that the curing speed and final product quality are ideal.

    The curing time of the construction adhesive differs when applied outdoors for rainy weather compared to sunny weather.

    Adjust the humidity and temperature during the measurement to understand their effect on the curing of the construction adhesive.

    Provide a possible range of humidities and temperatures at which the construction adhesive shows an acceptable curing time.

    The adhesive tape breaks off when stretched under load.

    Determine the DMA behavior of the film with amplitude sweeps and temperature sweeps.

    Know the maximum load before the adhesive tape breaks off to specify qualified loads.

    The particulate raw material cannot be pumped, segregates, or demixes during pumping or production.

    Check the cohesiveness, segregation, and wall friction behavior of your granulate matter by using a powder cell or a shear cell.

    Avoid segregation during transport and storage of powdery materials.

    You did not find your specific situation? Anton Paar still has the solution for your challenge. Just contact us for more information. 

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Seize the unique opportunity to test our new rotational viscometers for free and be amazed by the unique magnetic spindle coupling, automatic spindle detection, and a lot more.

For a quick overview, simply click here.

Here’s how it works:

  1. Register for the free test trial via the contact form.
  2. The closest subsidiary/distribution partner of Anton Paar will get in touch with you for the next steps.
  3. If you have any questions, don’t hesitate to contact us.
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Get ViscoQC 100 or ViscoQC 300 now from the Anton Paar webshop and benefit from an exclusive 30-day money back guarantee. Buy the instrument, see how it works, and – if you don’t love it – we’ll take it back.

Here’s how it works:

  1. Buy ViscoQC 100 or ViscoQC 300 from the Anton Paar webshop.
  2. Check the enclosed SOP booklet or our videos to get started within seconds. If you have any questions, just contact us via LiveChat or by sending an email to your closest Anton Paar subsidiary.
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  • The whole world of viscometry and rheometry

    Flow and deformation behavior are essential parameters when it comes to material characterization. Viscometers and rheometers are the ideal tools to see whether your sample is in the right flow.

    Find out more

  • Adhesive properties

    Adhesives need to meet three main requirements for ideal functionality:

    1. Wetting of the substrate (adhesion)
    2. Increasing strength after application
    3. The ability to transmit load between the two connected surfaces after completion of the curing process

    Adhesive materials and bonding types

    Adhesive bonding to the substrate can be either physical (non-reactive) or chemical (reactive). Examples of non-reactive bonding are drying, contact, pressure-sensitivity, or hot melting. Reactive bonding may involve anaerobic curing (e.g. when in contact with metal), pre-mixed frozen adhesives that cure when heated to ambient temperature, multi-component adhesives that start curing when two components are mixed together, or one-component adhesives that are being cured by radiation (e.g. UV), heat, or moisture.

    Adhesive testing methods

    Different kinds of adhesive testing equipment can be used for characterization during adhesive production, application, and in the final cured state. There are many different adhesive testing methods, each of them providing answers to your specific adhesive-related questions:

    • Viscosity measurements (rotational) are helpful to perform QC measurements of liquid adhesives before application.
    • Viscoelasticity measurements (oscillatory) allow characterizing the liquid adhesive through the curing process to the solid product (with time, temperature, UV light, or humidity).
    • Tack tests determine stickiness and fracture behavior.
    • The strength of adhesive bonds and bond properties of adhesive layers and films can be tested by DMA measurements.
    • The pumpability of powdery raw materials can be checked with the powder cell or the shear cell.

    ROTATIONAL VISCOMETERS

    ViscoQC 100

    • Single-point dynamic viscosity of high- to low-viscosity liquids for quick quality control

    ViscoQC 300

    • Multi-point dynamic viscosity of low- to high-viscosity liquids for quick quality control

    Toolmaster™*

    Magnetic/quick connect coupling**

    Standards: Visco QC 100 | Visco QC 300 ASTM D1084, ASTM D1337, ASTM D1338, ASTM D2556, ASTM D4016, ASTM D4300, ASTM D4878, ASTM D4889, BS 5350, DIN EN 12092, DIN EN 15425, EN 15564, ISO 2555, ISO 10364

    ROTATIONAL RHEOMETERS

    RheolabQC

    • Rotational rheological tests of materials ranging from low-viscosity to semi-solid samples for advanced quality control

    MCR 72 | 92

    • Rotational rheological tests with cup-and-bob, plate-plate, and cone-plate measuring systems for liquid to semi-solid samples
    • Rotational and oscillatory rheological tests with cup-and-bob, plate-plate, and cone-plate measuring systems – for almost all kinds of samples

    Toolmaster™*

    Magnetic/quick connect coupling**

    Standards: RheolabQC ASTM D3236, ISO 3219 | MCR 72 DIN 53019, DIN spec 91143 | MCR 92 DIN EN ISO 3219, DIN 54458

    ROTATIONAL AND OSCILLATORY RHEOMETERS

    MCR 102 | 302 | 502

    • Investigations into the viscoelastic properties of raw materials, formulations, and final products from quality control to research and development

    MCR 702 MultiDrive

    • Complete material characterization in research and development

    Toolmaster™*

    Magnetic/quick connect coupling**

    Standards: MCR 102 | 302 | 502 | 702 MultiDrive DIN EN ISO 3219, DIN 54458

    VISCOUS LIQUIDS Adhesive sprays
    VISCOELASTIC LIQUIDS Glues
    MELTS Hotmelt adhesives
    PASTE-LIKE Construction adhesives
    ADHESIVE LAYERS Tapes, plasters, and films
    REACTIVE SYSTEMS Two-component adhesives
    Toolmaster™* MAGNETIC/QUICK CONNECT COUPLING** COMMON TEST METHODS MEASUREMENT GEOMETRIES
    ViscoQC 100

    Common test methods

    • Single-point viscosity measurement

    Measurement geometries

    • Relative spindles (L/RH), DIN/SSA spindles, vanes, glass rod, disposable measuring system
    ViscoQC 300

    Common test methods

    • Flow/viscosity curve
    • Yield point determination
    • Investigation of pot life/curing time

    Measurement geometries

    • Relative spindles (L/RH), DIN/SSA spindles, vanes, glass rod, disposable measuring system
    RheolabQC

    Common test methods

    • Rotational test for yield point determination
    • Rotational 3 interval thixotropy test (3iTT)

    Measurement geometries

    • Concentric cylinders and cups, stirrers, disposable measuring systems
    MCR 72

    Common test methods

    • Rotational test for yield point determination
    • Rotational 3 interval thixotropy test (3iTT)

    Measurement geometries

    • Cone and plate, plate and plate, cylindrical geometries
    MCR 92

    Common test methods

    • Amplitude sweep, frequency sweep, and oscillatory time sweep
    • Oscillatory 3 interval thixotropy test (3iTT)

    Measurement geometries

    • Cone and plate, plate and plate, cylindrical geometries
    MCR 102 | 302 | 502

    Common test methods

    • Temperature sweep
    • UV and humidity tests
    • Chemical analysis with NIR, IR, ATR or RAMAN
    • Powder rheology

    Measurement geometries

    • Solid fixtures for films, fibers, and bars, fixtures for extensional rheology
    MCR 702 MultiDrive

    Common test methods

    • Advanced oscillatory and rotational tests with one or two drive units

    Measurement geometries

    • Three-point-bending, cantilever

    * for automatic tool recognition and configuration to ensure easy handling and minimize user errors

    ** for easy one-handed attachment/exchange of spindles, bobs, and measuring systems

Webinar

  • Master the flow of your adhesives

    Adhesives are used to connect surfaces. Usually, adhesives are applied as a liquid and harden subsequently. The curing process may occur due to temperature changes, by evaporation of solvents, humidity- or UV-light-induced chemical reactions, or just with time through the contact between adhesive and substrate.

    Did you ever ask yourself how your adhesives quality control or R&D processes can benefit from rheology? From quality or process control at the production line-up to specific measurements in the development process of new products – register today and learn how Anton Paar rheometers and viscometers can help you accomplish your measuring tasks.

    Watch now