Microwave-assisted Caustic Leaching of Bauxite for ICP-OES for Process-simulation of the Bayer Process of Al₂O₃ Production

The Multiwave 7101/7301/7501 series improves leaching of bauxite samples for a robust simulation of the industrial Bayer process to extract “available alumina” and “reactive silica”.

Bauxite, a mixture of alumina, iron oxides, silica and a few other minerals, significantly varies from region to region. Small scale bauxite leaching is performed in the refinery laboratory to simulate the caustic leaching of the Bayer process, which is used globally for separation of pure alumina (Al2O3). The goal of this leaching is to determine the amount of “available alumina” in the bauxite ore. The amount of “reactive silica“ is normally assessed too for cost reasons, as it consumes a considerable amount of NaOH.

Depending on the composition of the ore, the temperature of the process needs to be between 150 and 240 °C. The contents of alumina and silica are traditionally determined in small-scale high-pressure steel bombs, in which it is difficult to control the heating to target temperature and to maintain it. Thus, microwave heating offers an attractive way to efficiently control the process thanks to benefits such as instant on-and-off heating and fast power input. In addition, magnetic stirring of individual reactor vessels is available.

This application report shows the reproducibility of the simulated extraction in Multiwave 7000 in 30 mL PTFE vials.

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